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2020 Vol. 84(2) 227-253

Etzel Cardeña, Ph.D.
Parapsychology Press


Jakob, M-J., Dechamps, M. C., and Maier, M. A. (2020). Journal of Parapsychology, 84, 227-253.


You Attract what You Are:

The Effect of Unconscious Needs on Micro-Psychokinesis

Marissa-Julia Jakob       Moritz C. Dechamps       Markus A. Maier

Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich

Quantum-based psychophysical correlation models offer an attractive framework for predicting mind-matter interactions. We report a test of such interactions in the form of observer effects on quantum-based random number generator (QRNG) outcomes. Specifically, we tested the influence of certain motive states on related stimulus presentations chosen by the QRNG. Deviations from randomness were expected among participants exhibiting high incongruence (HI) characteristics but not among those who exhibited low incongruence (LI). Our first experiment, testing the effects of three psychological needs—attachment, self-esteem protection, and control— with a Bayesian analysis yielded anecdotal evidence for H1 only for self-esteem-related stimuli within the HI group. The second experiment was a selective continuation of the promising self-esteem protection condition, exploring the further sequential course of evidence for H1 and its oscillation over time. Our criterion for confirming H1 was initially reached in the target group. Shortly thereafter, a decline to a final result of anecdotal evidence for H1 occurred. To test the systematic trend in the data against chance fluctuations, further post hoc analyses comparing the maximum Bayes Factor, the curve’s energy, and frequency spectrum analysis between both groups to 10,000 simulations were performed. These analyses indicated that the HI subsample’s data differed significantly from chance fluctuations, whereas the LI subsample’s data did not. In sum, the results suggest that core affectively laden subconscious beliefs can manifest through volatile yet statistically detectable deviations from quantum randomness when precisely triggered by an adequate task.


micro-psychokinesis, mind-matter, quantum measurement, intentional observation

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