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2020 Vol. 84(2) 202-219

Etzel Cardeña, Ph.D.
Parapsychology Press


Cardeña, E. (2020). Depicting the Ethereal, Part I: Visual Art and Psi. Journal of Parapsychology, 84, 202-219.


Depicting the Ethereal, Part I: Visual Art and Psi

Etzel Cardeña

Lund University

The turn from figurative art to the depiction of internal experiences opened the door for artists to represent anomalous experiences and ostensible psi phenomena. Various studies have described how Abstract art was influenced by Occultism, but there were other important influences. They include scientific theories of the ether and hypergeometric dimensions, the development of technological advances showing the reality of unseen electromagnetic waves and wireless communication at a distance, Spiritualism, and the inception of psychical research. This paper focuses on how psi phenomena, research, and theory, often in conjunction with the other influences, have been an important topic and source of inspiration in various modern and contemporary movements including Surrealism and Abstract and Conceptual art.


psi; parapsychology; psychical research; art; Abstract Art; Surrealism; Conceptual Art.

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