2018, Vol. 82, No. 2, 132-147

Editor-in-Chief Etzel Cardeña, Ph.D.
© Rhine Research Center


Palmer, J. (2018). Training Anomalous Cognition in a Motor Task with Subliminal Auditory Feedback. Journal of Parapsychology, 82, 132-147. http://doi.org/10.30891/jopar.2018.02.05

Training Anomalous Cognition in a Motor Task with Subliminal Auditory Feedback

John Palmer
Rhine Research Center

Abstract: On each of 60 trials, 5 participants (Ps), selected based on high state and trait dissociation scores in a previous motor automatism experiment, explored with a computer pen a 16x16 inch grid affixed to a computer writing tablet, stopping to register a response to a randomly selected target square. The grid is conceptually divided into 16 squares (4 in each of 4 quadrants). The dependent variable was the average of 2 z-scores representing square and quadrant hits. Ps attended 2 1-run baseline sessions and 2 1-run test sessions. In between, they completed 15–20 1-run training sessions with subliminal auditory feedback. The feedback stimulus was the spoken word(s) “good” (quadrant hit) or “good good” (square hit) superimposed on brownian (similar to pink) noise. 1 of the 5 Ps significantly confirmed the hypothesis of higher scoring on test than baseline runs. There was significant or suggestive evidence of anomalous cognition in the baseline and/or test results of 4 Ps and the 5 difference scores showed significant between-subjects variability. There was no evidence of learning in the training sessions. According to the underlying theory, conditions for learning were not met because Ps did not successfully blank the mind and were overly attentive to the feedback sounds.

Keywords: anomalous cognition, motor automatism, subliminal, feedback, dissociation