top of page

2018 Vol. 82(S) 96-107

Etzel Cardeña, Ph.D.
Parapsychology Press


Schmeidler, G. R. (2018). Studying Individual Psi Experiences. Journal of Parapsychology, 82, Suppl., 96-105.


Studying Individual Psi Experiences

Gertrude R. Schmeidler

City University of New York

To  understand psi, we must study it at multiple levels of analysis. We  need a sociology of psi, examining its patterns in different cultures  and social groups; life history data so that we can find causes for  changes in an individual’s psi ability; research on the conditions which  affect ESP and PK in short periods like a single experimental session;  and we also need careful examination of the individual psi experience.  The latter is particularly difficult for several reasons: (1) The  duration of

the  individual experience is unknown (a review of spontaneous cases  suggests it may last for the briefest reportable flash, perhaps a tenth  or hundredth of a second, or may continue for several minutes); (2) any  one hit in an ESP experiment may be due to chance, not to psi; (3) psi  often gives imperfect information (only partially correct or  systematically misdirected); and (4) psi is not ordinarily under  conscious control.

Suggestions  for coping with these difficulties are examined. An ongoing experiment  is described which investigates EEG changes related to the individual  psi experience and, at the same time, attempts to teach subjects to  identify and control psi success.


bottom of page