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2018 Vol. 82(2) 198-203

Etzel Cardeña, Ph.D.
Parapsychology Press


Tierney, I., Watt, C., and Flores, A. (2018). Measuring Organizational Closure in the MPI/GQT/CMM Context. Journal of Parapsychology, 82, 198-203.


Measuring Organizational Closure in the MPI/GQT/CMM Context

Ian Tierney, Caroline Watt, and Ana Flores

University of Edinburgh

Organizational  closure (OC) is a theoretical state within Walter von Lucadou’s  Correlation Matrix Method (CMM) for producing evidence of mind/matter  interactions or psi. In practical terms, OC is affected by attentional,  emotional/ affective, contextual, and motivational elements in the  experimental system. Because maximal OC is considered desirable in  obtaining non-local entanglement correlations, a user-friendly  measurement of OC in the CMM experiments would be useful. Based on  studies that have found a positive association between the participants’  under-estimation of session duration and psi task performance, the  method suggested here involves the participants’ retrospective estimate  of duration. This research note concludes with advice on how this  measure may be implemented.


Correlation Matrix Method, Organizational Closure, time contraction

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